Early Diagnosis Is Key to Prevent and Detect Cancer: explains Doctors

Pune: Spotting cancer early raises one’s chances of survival. Diagnosing cancer even before it has spread to other parts of the body will allow the patient to get prompt treatment and lead a healthy life.Cancer is a disease wherein the cells tend to grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body. Cancer cases are rising at an alarming rate in the country and millions of people have already lost their precious lives. There is still a lack of awareness regarding cancer. People often fail to understand that regular cancer screening and prompt diagnosis can help in cancer prevention.

Dr Sweta Lunkad, consultant Hemato-oncologist and bone marrow transplant physician, Apollo Spectra Pune Said, “We are facing cancer pandemic. Reportedly, people living with cancer 2.25 million. Every year, 11,57,294 lakh patients are newly registered with cancer.  Checking for cancer in people who have no symptoms is known as screening. Several screening tests detect cancer early and reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Though cancer is frightening, several types of cancer including lung, breast, and cervical cancer are treatable. The risk factors for cancer include ageing, tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight. It is the need of the hour for each and every individual to speak to the doctor and schedule their screening appointment.”

Dr Niranjan Nayak, Zonal technical chief west, Apollo Diagnostic Pune said, “Screening is a method to prevent lung, breast, cervical, ovarian, prostate, skin, colorectal and other types of cancer. The Pap test (also called a Pap smear) helps in catching cervical cancer which is commonly seen in women. The test can detect abnormal cells in the cervix before they become cancerous. To spot breast cancer, women can do self-breast examinations or mammograms as suggested by their treating doctor.  A bowel screening programme can help to pick up bowel cancer.  Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) and the CA-125 blood test help to detect ovarian cancer, Chest X-ray, CT scan, PET-CT scan, bronchoscopy, and biopsy help to diagnose lung cancer while Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) can help one to know about prostate cancer.  When it comes to your body, remember to take the charge. If you do spot something unusual, just consult the doctor as finding cancer early can make a lot of difference. Treatment is successful if cancer is diagnosed at an early stage.”

“People should be encouraged to go for regular health check-ups and screenings to keep cancer at bay. Along with this, it is also essential to stick to a well-balanced diet, exercise daily, avoid smoking, alcohol, harsh sun, exposure to chemicals, and maintain an optimum weight,” conclude Dr Lunkad

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