Mumbai – High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common health concern that affects millions of people worldwide. While it might seem like a minor issue, untreated or uncontrolled hypertension can have severe consequences for your heart and blood vessels. Prolonged damage to blood vessels due to vascular disease is a real threat, and it significantly increases the risk of heart attacks. In simple terms, uncontrolled hypertension can cause damage to your vital organs.
Hypertension is often referred to as the “silent killer”. Because the symptoms of this disease do not appear quickly. Blood vessels in the body are like tiny, delicate tubes. Blood vessels carry blood to every cell and organ in the body. However, when blood pressure rises, the blood vessels become stiff or constricted. In such cases, the blood vessels are not able to carry enough blood to the body. This damage increases the risk of blockages, which can lead to heart attacks.”
Dr Shivraj Ingole, Consultant Vascular Specialist, Apollo Spectra Mumbai Said, ‘‘Hypertension occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls is consistently too high. Over time, this relentless pressure can harm the delicate lining of your blood vessels, making them less elastic and more prone to damage. Most people with high blood pressure don’t experience obvious symptoms until it’s too late. Vascular disease is the term used to describe the damage that happens to your blood vessels when high blood pressure is left unchecked. It’s not just your heart that’s at risk; your entire circulatory system can be compromised. The prolonged stress on your blood vessels can lead to the formation of dangerous plaques made up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances. These plaques can narrow and clog your arteries, making it harder for blood to flow. This can lead to a heart attack.’’
Dr Mital Bhadra, Interventional Cardiologist, Zynova Shalby Hospital Said, “Uncontrolled hypertension weakens and narrows blood vessels, making them more prone to forming clots. It also increases the risk of atherosclerosis, a condition where fatty deposits build up inside your arteries, this causes obstruction in blood flow. Uncontrolled hypertension may have no symptoms till the target end organ damage. Regular screening for hypertension is the key factor in detecting and preventing stroke, MI and kidney diseases.
Dr. Bhadra highlights, “hypertension is a long-term commitment to your health. It’s not just about avoiding heart attacks but also about protecting your blood vessels from the gradual damage that can lead to other serious conditions, such as stroke, kidney disease. hypertension is manageable and preventable. Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider can help monitor your blood pressure, and they can recommend lifestyle changes or medications to keep it in check. Regular exercise, a balanced diet low in sodium and saturated fats, and avoiding excessive alcohol and tobacco are key steps in controlling hypertension. Additionally, it’s essential to monitor your blood pressure regularly and follow your doctor’s advice.”