Uncontrolled Hypertension Linked to Eye Complications: A Call for Early Detection and Treatment

Bangalore, May 17,2023: High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, poses significant risks to eye health, warns ophthalmologists of Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital. The few study reveals that uncontrolled hypertension can lead to various eye diseases, including retinal vascular occlusions, optic nerve swelling, and glaucoma, which can ultimately result in reduced vision and blindness.

Hypertension-induced changes in blood vessels can obstruct smaller vessels, leading to inadequate blood supply to affected areas. Furthermore, irregularities in the lining of larger blood vessels can cause the formation of emboli, increasing the risk of blockages in various organs. Blockages in retinal veins and arteries can result in retinal swelling, bleeding, and sudden vision loss if left untreated.

Optic nerve swelling, a common consequence of uncontrolled hypertension, can impair the optic nerve’s function and ultimately lead to optic atrophy and irreversible vision loss. Therefore, early detection and prompt treatment of hypertension are crucial in preventing these complications.

Dr Rakesh Seenappa, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital “emphasizes the importance of regular ophthalmic examinations in detecting hypertension. Many patients remain unaware of their high blood pressure until it manifests as vision problems or changes in their glasses prescription. Routine eye examinations can often reveal hypertension, enabling timely intervention and management”.

In addition to regular eye checkups, maintaining good blood pressure control under the guidance of a general physician, along with a healthy diet and regular exercise, are vital for preventing hypertension-related eye complications. Patients already affected by chronic or high blood pressure are advised to follow up every six months after stabilizing their condition, while those with controlled blood pressure should schedule annual checkups.

“While there is no specific eye exercise to prevent hypertension-related eye issues, adhering to prescribed medications and leading a healthy lifestyle are crucial and we urge individuals to consult an ophthalmologist for a comprehensive eye examination and to diligently attend follow-up visits advises Dr Rakesh Seenappa, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital.

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