Ukraine: Public Health Situation Analysis (PHSA) –

Long-form (Last Update: April 2022)

Health Cluster Ukraine serves as a link between 106 partners (including WHO) planning or engaged in humanitarian health activities in Ukraine to better coordinate the response. The Health Cluster gathers and shares information to guide partners’ response planning. This Public Health Situation Analysis (PHSA) is one of the resources developed by the Health Cluster secretariat to promote a common understanding of the public health situation in Ukraine.

The document contains a short summary of the crisis, health status of and threats to the affected population, health system needs, humanitarian health response, and information gaps. This PHSA update builds upon the rapidly-developed PHSA for Ukraine published on 3 March 2022. The update adds depth to the information presented in the previous version, tracks changes in the situation, considers additional threats, and incorporates data from assessments. This document presents the best available data at the time of publication, and may be updated, as needed.

Short summary:

COVID-19 remains a substantial threat, particularly given low vaccination rates…Despite childhood vaccination coverage reportedly being close to WHO targets in 2021, disruptions to immunization programmes due to hostilities and displacement, coupled with historical coverage gaps, place both adults and children at risk. TB and HIV programmes have been disrupted, impeding access to medicines, potentially delaying treatment due to unreported infections and risking further disease transmission in a country known to have higher rates of TB and HIV/AIDS than its regional neighbours. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease, are the leading cause of death in Ukraine. Reduced access to health care and medicines due to hostilities is likely to worsen the health status of the population, impacting quality of life and life expectancy. Mental health and psychosocial support needs of the affected population are intensifying as a result of the significant distress and socio-economic effects caused by the war…The increase in injuries and trauma from violence in areas of active conflict is also highlighted in the report

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