What we already know is genome modification of the somatic (vegetative or non-reproductive cells) has begun. The approach is now taking a new turn and further proceeding towards clinical applications. Recent studies suggest that germline genome modification is also taking place. Genetics has further enabled us to turn the tide away from humans suffering from diseases.
As a matter of fact, Genetic Engineering is now allowing us to inculcate desirable traits into human cells, which shall soon become the future of humankind. But, the matter of discussion here is –what are the limitations that are needed to be exercised on this genetic evolution aligned with technology? Here, we have managed to come up with almost all the information that has been discovered about genetically engineered human beings. Read on to have an in-depth view of the future of the Homo sapiens.
What do you understand by Genetic Modification?
The process of making changes in the gene make up of an organism is referred to as genetic modification. Gene modification has been taking place in the form of evolution from thousands of years now. And it has so because of selective or controlled breeding of the plants and as well as of the animals. However, with the introduction of biotechnology, this process has fastened up a lot more than we can imagine. Through genetic engineering now we can target specific genes for precise results.
Genetically modified babies:
We are all aware of the fact that livestock is being bred in a certain way that results in improved growth and increased muscle mass. Also, this livestock is specifically resistant against diseases. For instance, we could consider the examples of hybrid chickens that have been bred in such a way, that they show 300-per cent faster growth today. For a few years now the scientists have been experimenting on lab animals to determine different approaches of Biotechnology.
According to the information gathered from the National Human Genome Research Institute, the new form of Biotechnology that has been used to develop CRISPR is going to make modifications to the human genes. The researchers are now trying to find out ways in which the Crispr gene shall be able to treat cancer. Basically, the scientists suggest that CRISPR can edit particular genes in human beings, which could be the leading cause of cancer.
Although the reports obtained are highly controversial, the introduction of genetically engineered human beings is not far away. The researchers are claiming that the tested CRISPR technology will work on the human embryos to delete or edit per se to eliminate the DNA, which could lead to certain diseases.
The ethical dilemma:
The technology has been already evolved, and the gene that could bring about changes in the human genetic system has already been discovered. But, the question is whether this genetic modification should be implemented or not. When it comes to the introduction of any new technology, its merits, demerits, and the intention behind its usage must be measured beforehand.